Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by systemic hypertension is generally regarded as a morphological precursor of unfortunate cardiovascular events. Myocardial fiber disarray has been long recognized as a prevalent hallmark of this pathology. In this chapter, ex vivo diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging is employed to delineate the refional loss of myocardial organization that is present in the excised heart of a spontaneously hypertensive rat, as opposed to a control. Fiber tracking results are provided that illustrate in great detail the alterations in the integrity of cardiac muscle microstructure dur to the disease. A quantitative analysis is also performed. Another contribution of this chapter is the model-based assessment of the role of the myofiber disarray in modulating the mechanical properties of the myocardium. The results of this sudy improve our understanding of the structural remodeling mechanisms that are associated with hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy and their role.
KeywordsDTMRI, Heart fiber tracking.
ReferenceArchontis Giannakidis, Damien Rohmer, Alexander I. Veress, Grant T. Gullberg.
Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Myocardial Fiber Disarray in Hypertensive Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: Visualization, Quantification and the Effect on Mechanical Function. Cardiac Mapping, 4th Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, chap. 53, p. 574-588 (book chapter).
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