Current tractography methods generate tractograms composed of millions of 3D polylines, called fibers, making visualization and interpretation extremely challenging, thus complexifying the use of this technique in a clinical environment. We propose to progressively simplify tractograms by grouping similar fibers into generalized cylinders. This produces a fine-grained multi-resolution model that provides a progressive and real-time navigation through different levels of detail. This model preserves the overall structure of the tractogram and can be adapted to different measures of similarity. We also provide an efficient implementation of the method based on a Delaunay tetrahedralization. We illustrate our method using the Human Connectome Project dataset.